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China deploys new CSS-5 missiles on border with India

WASHINGTON: China has moved new advanced longer range CSS-5 missiles
close to the borders with India and developed contingency plans to
shift airborne forces at short notice to the region, according to
Pentagon.

Despite increased political and economic relationship between India and
China, the Pentagon in a report to the US Congress said, tensions
remain along the Sino-India borders with rising instances of border
violation and aggressive border patrolling by Chinese soldier.
However, a senior Defense Departmentofficial told reporters that the US
has not observed any anomalous increase in military capabilities along
the Sino-India border.

Noting that China continues to maintain its position on what its
territorial claim is, the official said, the two capitals – Beijing and
New Delhi – have been able to manage this dispute, in a way, using
confidence-building measures and diplomatic mechanisms to be able to
maintain relative stability in that border area.

“But it’s something that China continues to watch; but I wouldn’t say
that there’s anything in this report that demonstrates a spike or an
anomalous increase in military capabilities along the border.

“It’s something that China’s paying very careful attention to. It’s
obviously something that India is paying careful attention to as well,”
the Senior Defense Department official said.

In its annual report, the US Defence department said, to improve
regional deterrence, the PLA has replaced older liquid-fueled, nuclear
capable CCS-3 intermediate range missiles with more advanced and
survivable fueled CSS-5 MRBMs.

“China is currently engaged in massive road and rail infrastructure
development along the Sino-India border primarily to facilitate
economic development in western China: improved roads also support PLA
operations,” the Pentagon said.

The report presented to the Congress said despite increased political
and economic relations over the years between China and India, tensions
remain along their shared 4,057 km border, most notably over Arunachal
Pradesh, which China asserts as part of Tibet and therefore of China,
and over the Aksai Chin region at the western end of the Tibetan
Plateau.

“Both countries, in 2009, stepped up efforts to assert their claims.
China tried to block a USD 2.9 billion loan to India from the Asian
Development Bank, claiming part of the loan would have been used for
water projects in Arunachal Pradesh. This represented the first time
China sought to influence this dispute through a multilateral
institution,” the Pentagon said.
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