multi-role carrier-based fighters are being refurbished in the Russian
Far Eastern city of Komsomolsk-on-Amur under a state defence order in
2010, Sukhoi said.
The fourth generation warplanes with
horizontal takeoff and landing, and aerial refuelling capability, have
been designed to defend naval ships from airborne attacks. The fighters
feature folding wings and horizontal tail for hanger storage.
Su-33s are armed with guided missiles such as the Kh-25MP, Kh-31 and
Kh-41. The fighters can be used in both night and day operations at sea.
began producing the Su-33 fighters in the 1980s. Production of the
first two prototypes of the warplane was completed in 1986-87. During
the factory flight tests on Nov. 1, 1989, the first Su-33 landed on the
deck of aircraft carrier ‘Admiral Kuznetsov’.
variant of the original Su-27K ‘Flanker’, the Su-33 entered service
with the Russian Navy in 1994. An air regiment comprising 24 such
fighters was formed to operate from Admiral Kuznetsov aircraft carrier.