ballistic missiles Prithvi-II and its naval version Dhanush from
different locations off the Orissa coast, on a day Pakistan too tested
its nuclear-capable Hatf-II ballistic missile.
The Prithvi-II was fired from complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range
(ITR) at Chandipur in Balasore district, about 230 km from state
capital Bhubaneswar at 10.50 a.m.
The Dhanush was launched at 10.03 a.m. from a warship anchored off the Puri coast in the Bay of Bengal.
‘Both were fantastic missions, 100 per cent successful’ ITR director
S.P. Dash told IANS, adding that the tests were carried out as part of
training exercises of the armed forces.
The two almost simultaneous user-tests come a week after India
successfully tested its ballistic missile interceptor on March 6, as
part of its efforts to develop a shield against enemy missiles.
Prithvi II, a surface-to-surface ballistic missile with a range of 350
km, is a variant of India’s first indigenously-built ballistic missile.
It is one of the five missiles being developed under India’s Integrated
Guided Missile Development Programme.
The missile, with a flight duration of 483 seconds reaching a peak
altitude of 43.5 km, has the capability to carry a 500 kg warhead.
Prithvi, which has features to deceive anti-ballistic missiles, uses an
advanced inertial guidance system with manoeuvring capabilities and
reaches its target with a few metres of accuracy.
Dhanush, with a range of 350 km, is a single-stage ship-based missile
with a 500 kg pay-load and capable of carrying both conventional and
The naval missile, with a liquid propellant, is designed to target both
sea and shore-based targets. Though Dhanush had failed in its first
test at take-off stage on April 11, 2000, its subsequent trials were
successful. It was last successfully flight tested on March 27 last
year from Indian warship INS Subhadra in the Bay of Bengal.
Pakistan too successfully test-fired the Hatf-II (Abdali) short-range
surface-to-surface ballistic missile. The missile, with a range of 180
km, can carry nuclear and conventional warheads to the target.
The test-firing was conducted at an undisclosed location and was
witnessed by the Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee General
Shamim Hyder Wyyne, according to Xinhua. It is the second test of this
kind by Pakistan in two months.
Pakistan and India, which have fought three wars since their partition
in 1947, regularly test-fire missiles to display each other’s
India’s missile family comprises of the strategic Agni ballistic
missile, the tactical Prithvi ballistic missile, the Akash and Trishul
surface-to-air missiles and the Nag anti-tank guided missile and their
variants, apart from the BrahMos cruise missile it is jointly
developing with Russia.
Pakistan’s missile repertory include Hatf ballistic missiles and its
variants, Ghaznavi short-range ballistic missile, Ghauri and Shaheen
medium and intermediate range ballistic missiles, Babur cruise missiles
and Baktar-Shikan anti-tank guided missile.