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Indonesia Orders 16 T-50 Golden Eagle Jet Trainers

Indonesia has placed a $400 million order for 16 Korea Aerospace
Industries T-50 Golden Eagle advanced jet trainers, the type’s first
export sale.

The Indonesian Defense Ministry signed the deal on Wednesday, said Enes
Park, executive vice president of KAI. The contract stipulates that the
aircraft must be delivered 18 months after the signing of a loan
agreement between the South Korean and Indonesian governments.

The announcement follows a 12 April letter the Indonesian government
sent to KAI designating the South Korean firm as the preferred bidder to
replace Indonesia’s BAE Systems Hawk 53s. The letter all but sealed the
fate of the T-50’s rivals in the competition, the Aero Vodochody L-159
and Yakovlev Yak-130.

The 16 General Electric F404-powered aircraft will be produced at the
KAI facilities in Sacheon, South Korea. They will shipped to Indonesia
partially disassembled, where Indonesia state aircraft manufacturer PT
Dirgantara Indonesia/Indonesian Aerospace (IAe) will reassemble them.

“The aircraft is certainly capable of being ferried, but transporting
them meets Indonesian industrial regulations,” says Park.
“(Re-assembling) the aircraft will help them improve their

Despite the best efforts of KAI and the South Korean government, theT-50
lost trainer competitions in both the United Arab Emirates and
Singapore to the Alenia Aermacchi M-346.

The T-50 will again square off against its rival in Israel and the USA.
In 2012, the Israeli Air Force will decide between the T-50 and M-346 to
replaces its Douglas A-4 Skyhawk trainers. In early May, Alenia
Aermacchi general manager Alessandra Franzoni said America’s T-X
competition to replace the 1960s era Northrop T-38C will be a two horse
race between the T-50 and M-346.

Park adds that there could be a possibility of selling Indonesia the
T-50’s combat variant, the F/A-50. “While there have been no concrete
discussions on this, there is a distinct possibility of this in the

Indonesia is also still involved in South Korea’s proposed KF-X programme, says Park.

At the Farnborough air show in 2010, South Korea signed a memorandum of
understanding with Indonesia, with the latter to potentially contribute
up to 20% of the KF-X development costs. Indonesia is currently looking
at how it might participate in the project.

The T-50 buy is just the latest example of Jakarta’s efforts to upgrade
the nation’s air force. In November 2010, it purchased eight Embraer
EMB-314 Super Tucano light attack aircraft to replace Vietnam War-era
Rockwell OV-10 Broncos. In January 2011 it awarded Arinc Engineering
Services a $66.7 million contract to modernise five Lockheed Martin

Indonesia is also considering upgrading its 10 Lockheed Martin F-16A/B
fighters. Media reports have said Jakarta will buy 24 ex-US Air Force
F-16s, but this has not been officially announced by either Washington
or Jakarta.