Correspondents say the sale will be the first to Russia by a Nato country of such sophisticated naval equipment.
The prospect of a deal has raised concerns among France’s Nato allies.
The deal was originally agreed in July but stalled a month later over
how much technology France was prepared to share, and the order was put
out to international tender.
The Russian and French authorities said Moscow had chosen the consortium
of France’s DCNS and STX and Russian naval yard OSK, although
shipbuilders in Spain and the Netherlands had also been looked at.
“Their offer initially covers the joint construction of two of this kind
of vessel, which should be extended by the construction of two more,”
French President Nicolas Sarkozy’s office said in a statement.
The deal has caused unease in other Nato countries, especially the
United States, as well as some of Russia’s immediate neighbours and the
In February a US official told reporters the US “had questions” for France about the order.