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First Test OF Indian Nirbhay Cruise Missile

Indian Nirbhay Cruise Missile
Indian Nirbhay Cruise Missile
In contrast to how India promoted its Agni-V ballistic missile, New
Delhi is unlikely to draw a lot of international attention to upcoming
testing of the Nirbhay cruise missile, even as it holds far more
significance for the nation’s weapons program than is widely

In August, the country is scheduled to conduct the first test of its
little known Nirbhay (“fearless”), a subsonic weapon with a maximum
range of 1,000 km (620 mi.). Designated “secret,” the weapon’s
development has remained concealed since its existence was revealed in

Like the Agni-V, the Nirbhay will be tested from India’s missile range
over the Bay of Bengal. The missile has two stages, is understood to be
powered by a Russian-built NPO Saturn engine, will cruise at Mach 0.7
and is being developed to demonstrate loitering capabilities.

at the Hyderabad-based Advanced Systems Laboratory (ASL), which built
the missile prototype, say the weapon is ready for its first flight.

ASL Director V.G. Sekaran recently said the Nirbhay was slated for a
July-August debut. While the agency has refused to comment on the
Nirbhay’s capabilities, there remains some ambiguity about whether the
“Nirbhay” name pertains only to the primary weapon—the subsonic cruise
missile—or to a family, including a yet-unnamed, long-range,
scramjet-powered supersonic cruise missile.

The ambiguity is an inevitable part of the project’s secret status. The
agency has worked with intrigue before; last July, it tested the Prahaar
quick-reaction, surface-to-surface missile after first revealing the
existence of the system barely two weeks before.

The Indian armed forces are watching the Nirbhay with perhaps greater
focus than they did the Agni. While the country’s weapons program has
matured in the ballistic missile arena, it has little or nothing to show
in cruise missiles. In the Indo-Russian BrahMos, Russia still
builds critical technologies such as the engine and seeker, while India
contributes the inertial navigation and fire control systems.

On the
Nirbhay, while Russia is understood to have contributed the engine,
sources say it will be replaced with an Indian turbojet or tubofan in a
later phase.

“In many ways, the Nirbhay is a more crucial weapon system than the
Agni family,” says an officer with one of the Indian army’s BrahMos
missile regiments. “The lack of a long-range cruise missile has long
been felt by the armed forces. The BrahMos is an excellent border
weapon, but we need a terrain-hugging missile with a range of 750-1,000
kilometers for more potent deterrent value. That’s why we’re waiting for
the Nirbhay more than we’ve perhaps waited for anything in the last 20
years.” The BrahMos supersonic cruise missile has a stated range of 290

In 2007, India’s Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO)
revealed that the Nirbhay would be capable of delivering 24 different
warhead types.

DRDO sources say that while the engine is Russian, the
rest of Nirbhay is fully indigenous, including sensors, guidance and
flight-control systems. In 2008, reports suggested the Nirbhay was a
loose derivative of the indigenous Lakshya target drone, which is
operational with the armed forces. A mockup of the Nirbhay was to have
been displayed at Aero India in February 2011, but was pulled at the
last moment after a change of heart at DRDO.

A former rear admiral from the Indian navy’s gunnery says, “The Nirbhay
is rightly a hushed-up program. It shouldn’t draw too much attention
until it has begun testing in earnest. Three years ago, there was a lot
of confidence in the program and scientists were confident they could
deliver such an ambitious weapon. It is a clean break from anything
India has developed before.”

The Nirbhay has never been seen or photographed, and India wants to keep
it that way until the actual debut test. DRDO sources say the missile
is being built to be used from land, sea and air. The Center for
Military Airworthiness and Certification has revealed that it has been
asked to integrate the Nirbhay to an Indian air force Sukhoi Su-30 MKI
airframe, while the land variant’s mobile launcher was recently revealed
to be an Indian-built Tata Prahaar vehicle unveiled at New Delhi’s
DefExpo trade event in March.