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Chinese Experts Says Y-20 outperforms Russian Il-76

China's Y-20 Military Transport Aircraft
China's Y-20 Military Transport Aircraft

China's first large military transport aircraft Y-20 carries the dream and expectation of millions of Chinese peopleCompared with the Il-76MD, the Y-20 has larger volumemore reasonable fuselage space and layoutand higher engine power.

The Y-20 not only outperforms Il-76 but also has Chinese characteristics in super critical airfoilsintegrated avionicscabin equipmentcomposite materials and their processing.

The performance parameters of the Y-20 are quite close to those of Russian IL-476.Operated by three aircrew membersthe Y-20 has the highest load-carrying capacity of 66 tonsa fuselage length of 47 metersa wingspan of 45 meters and a height of 15 metersand bears the maximum take-off weight of a little more than 200 tonsIt has atraditional layout and strong adaptability to take-off and landing fieldsas evidenced by being able to take off and land at airstrips and carry the vast majority of combat and support vehicles of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA).

As to the engineChina is actively developing high-thrust turbofan enginesCurrently,the Y-20 can not be equipped with such advanced engines but be fit out with the imported D-30KP2 engine temporarilyThe performance of the engine is not as good as that of the PS-90A76 turbofan engine of the Il-476, thereforethe thrust of China'Y-20 is much inferior to that of the Il-476.

Howeverthe Y-20 will have significantly-improved flight performance after being equipped with China's independently-developed high-thrust turbofan enginesthus ranking among the world's advanced large transport aircraft.

Nowthe Y-20 is in the phase of test and finalizationIf everything goes wellthe Y-20 will have to undergo a minimum-three-year-long flight test and a minimum-five-year-long comprehensive testTherefore, 2017 is the earliest date by which the PLA Air Force will have home-made large transport aircraft.


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