China ‘s PLA Navy Aims To Control Indian Ocean

The People’s Liberation Army Navy is preparing for a permanent
deployment to the Indian Ocean and plans to use dual-use ports as secret
ammunition caches and to support military operations, according to a
piece in Washington-based National Interest.

The US magazine said China aims to dominate the Indian Ocean after
Beijing deployed amphibious ship the Changbaishan and a nuclear
to the region. The country has attempted to establish itself
as a maritime player in the Indian Ocean by increasing anti-piracy
deployments, naval exercises and investments in maritime infrastructure
projects. These activities raised concerns on whether Beijing will adopt
more aggressive maritime strategies in the future.

The PLA Navy’s submarines docked at the port of Colombo in Sri Lanka
twice last year and China is said to have established military
in the country. Beijing also holds a controlling stake in
Hambantota port in the southeast of the country. With the shares,
Chinese state-owned companies gained the operating rights of the port’s
four berths from Sri Lanka, which got an easing of loan conditions in

Although Beijing has said that these activities are part of their
Maritime Silk Road project, there have been concerns that China seeks to
reinforce its “string of pearls” strategy that encircles India.

China may also set up dual-use bases in the Indian Ocean with low-level
logistical support capability, which would allow Beijing to use a
commercial port to support military operations during conflicts or cover
up a secret ammunition cache.

Although the PLA denied that it has ever set up such base, the Republic
of Seychelles is said to have offered its port for Chinese ships
combating pirates in the Gulf of Aden and the West Indian Ocean in 2011.

Beijing would need a “maritime presence” if it wanted to dominate the
Indian Ocean. Their presence would challenge the Indian Navy’s role as
the region’s major security provider and reduce New Delhi’s influence in
the region.